英语—非谓语动词

2018-10-25 23:29:05   来源:   作者:   评论:0
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英语—非谓语动词

动名词

1. People appreciate _______with him because he has a good sense of humor.
A. to work   B. working  C.  to  have worked 
D. have working 
 
2. Do you feel like ______today?
A. having something eaten 
B. having something to eat
C. to have something eaten 
D. to have something to eat

3. Would you mind______ the computer game in your room?
A. him playing   B. his playing  C. him to play
D. him play 
 
4.She apologized for ______ to attend the meeting.
A. her being not able   B. her to be not able
C. her not to be able  D. her not being able

5. I spent half an hour ________this difficult math problem.
A. having worked on  B. to work on
C. on work  D. working on

6. The medicine can prevent you _______
A. from getting drunk  
B. got drunk
C. get drunk
D, being drunk
 
7. Would you mind ______the computer game in your room?
A. him playing  B. his playing  C. him to play  D. him play

have trouble doing sth,
no use doing sth
no point doing sth

7)  The medicine can prevent you _____.
A. from getting drunk 
B. got drunk
C. get drunk
D. being drunk

不定式包括以下部分:

to do 是不定式的形式
1. 作主语
To help the poor is our duty.
To ask him for help is necessary.
It’s our duty to help the poor.
It’s necessary to ask him for help.

2.作宾语
 
I expect to see you tomorrow.
He offered to help us.

decide to, intend to ,promise to do sth,
invite sb to do sth,  allow sb to do sth, remember to do sth, remember doing sth
attempt to do sth,  afford to do  sth, pretend to do sth, mean to do sth, 

3. 作定语
The ability _______ is very important for any speaker.
A. to hear clearly   B. to be clearly heard
C. to hearing clearly  D. to being clearly heard

He is the first person to come into the classroom this morning.


 

4. 作状语

To catch the first bus, I have to get up early.
The ice is thick enough to walk on.
I was surprised to see him there.
To tell you the truth, I forgot all about it.
 
There is nothing to do except ________till it stops raining.
  A. to wait    B. waiting 
  C. wait         D.  waits
 
We hurried to the station _______find ourselves three hours earlier for the train.
 A.  so as to            B. such as to
 C.  so that     D. only to
 
______ a teacher, one must first be a pupil.
A. Being   B. To be
C. Having been    D. To have been
______a teacher should be responsible for his students.

Notice:作宾补

Henry is often seen _____English aloud every morning in the classroom.
A. reads   B. to read  
C. reading  D. read
 
The machines are made ______ at full speed.
A. to work            B. work   
C. working             D. to be worked

Because of many mistakes ,she was made _________these letters again.
A. to type      B. typed
C. type         D.  to typing

Notice:不定式的否定形式

tell sb not to do sth
decide not to do sth


doing动名词的形式

risk doing ,regret doing , regret to do sth, admit doing sth, need doing sth , need to be done,  no use doing sth, appreciate doing sth, avoid,  enjoy, keep

have trouble doing sth, mind doing sth,
can’t help doing sth, be busy doing sth, want doing sth,
 
I regret to tell you that you are fired.
I regretted saying the unkind words to him.
 
Remember to tell him the news.
I remembered ____(praise) by my biology teacher.

attention
admit to doing sth, object to doing sth
be devoted to doing sth,   owing to 
look forward to doing sth,  contribute to,
 
作主语,作宾语
. doing  与 to do sth的区别
He sent me an e-mail, ______to get further information.
A. to hope  B. hopes
C. hoping     D. hoped

1. The old man is used to _______early in the morning.
A. exercise  B. exercising  C. exercised
D. exercises
 
2. Before joining the army, he spent a lot of time in the village _______he belonged.
 A. to which  B. which   C. to where 
D. at which

3. We hurried to the station _____find ourselves three hours earlier for the train.
A. only to   B. in order to   C. so as to 
D. such as to 
 
4.______a teacher, one must first be a pupil.
A. Being   B. Having been
C. To be  D. To have been

5.The mother didn’t know how to blame for the broken glass as it happened while she was out.
 
6. The question _____ at the meeting tomorrow is very important.
A. to discuss   B. being discussed
C. to be discussed   D. will be discussed
 
三级分词的用法

to be done,
done
being done
doing
having done
having been done

The meeting to be held tomorrow is very important.
The meeting held yesterday is very important.
The meeting being held now is very important.

They have already discussed the report (give) _ _____ by the department manager. 
The report was given by the department manager.

重点句子

(1)All things ______, the planned trip had to be called off.
A. considered  B. be considered
C.  considering  D. having considered

分词


(2).Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carriage  _______ the girl and took her away, _____ into the woods.
A. seizing ;disappeared  B. seized; disappeared
C. seizing; disappearing D. seized; disappearing

(3)._____, he’ll make a first-class tennis player.
A. Giving time  B. To give time 
C. Given time  D. Being given time

(4) So many representatives _______, the conference had to be put off.
A. were absent   B. to be absent
C. being absent  D. had been absent

exercies

1.They are going to have the serviceman _________an electric fan in the office tomorrow.
A. install   B. to install
C. to be installed
D. installed

2.  Something is wrong with my watch. I must
   have it ______.
A.  repair   B. to repair
C. repairing  D. repaired

3. ____in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of  him.
A. Losing   B. Having lost
C. Lost       D. To lose
 
4. Don’t use words, expressions , or phrases _______only to people with specific knowledge.
A. being known   B. having been known
C. to be known    D. known

5. I  don’t like the photo _____by your brother last Sunday.
A. to take   B. to be taken 
C. taken   D. taking

6.  The teacher entered the classroom, _______by two students.
A. following   B. followed
C. follow   D. by follow

7. Whatever he said, he couldn’t make himself ________.
A. understand           B. understood
C. understanding            D. to understand

8. _______from the space, the Great Wall looks like a dragon.
A. Having seen
B. Seeing 
C. Seen
D. To see

9. I was walking in the street when I heard my name ______.
A. to be called    B. called
C. calling   D. to call

10.  We left the meeting, there obviously _____ no point in staying.
A. were  B. being  C. to be  D. was
Being ill, he can’t go to school.

11. _____ on the New World, he left like crying.
A. Land            B. Landed
C. To land         D. Having landed

12. Finding her car stolen, ______.
A. a policeman was asked to help
B. the area was searched thoroughly
C. she hurried to a policeman for help
D. it was looked for everywhere

13. Their house stands at a hilltop, _____ the Hudson river below.
A. seeing        B. viewing 
C. looking  at          D. overlooking

14. ______ by his grandparents, jimmy wasn’t used to living with his parents.
A. To bring up          B. To be brought up
C. Brought up            D. Being brought up

15. Which watching television, _________.
A. the doorbell rang
B. the doorbell rings
C. we heard the doorbell ring 
D. we heard the doorbell rings

*16. _______for a long time, but he tried his best to catch up with his classmates.
A. Having been ill
B. Being ill
C. Though he was ill
D. He was ill

17. With everything she needed______, she went out of the shop , with her hands full of shopping bags.
A. bought         B. to buy
C. buying             D. buy 
 

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英语48个英语音标快速记忆法:
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英语时态讲解:
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英语—冠词、数词:
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英语常用词组:
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