英语—复合句

2018-10-25 23:29:48   来源:变革空间   作者:新其勒   评论:0
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英语—复合句

同位语从句

1.The fact _____he had not said anything surprised everybody.
A. that  B. what  C. which  D. how

2. Evidence came up _______ specific speech sounds are recognized by babies as young as six months old.
A. where   B. that   C. which  D. what 

3. Doris’s success lies in the fact _________she is co-operative and eager to learn from others.
A. which  B. that  C. when  D. why 
 
4. The theory is of great importance _________the hotter a body is , the more energy it radiates.
A. that   B. when  C. which   D. what 
 
5. ______is said that the teacher seems partial toward bright students.
A. That  B. What  C. It  D. As 


表语从句

1. The reason why I came late is _______I missed the bus.
A. why  B. that  C. as  D. because 

2. That is _____ she was born.
A. which   B. where  C. that  D. the place 
 
3. That is ______he was late.
A. which   B. what  C. why  D. where


主语从句

 
1). —— she will go is certain.
A. What   B. That  C. Which  D. When
   
2).  Is ______ he told me really true? 
A. that  B. what  C. which  D. if 

3). They lost their way in the mountain, and ______made matter worse was  that night was coming.
A. that  B. which  C. what  D. it 

4). _____is strange that he didn’t come yesterday.
A. What   B. It  C. If   D. How

5)_________ I saw was two men crossing the street.
A.  What  B. Whom  C. Who  D. That
 
 
宾语从句

无论主句是陈述句还是疑问句,宾语从句都必须使用陈述语序,即“主句+连词+宾语从句(主语+谓语+……)”句式

The teacher asked us how many people there were in the room.

2)如果主句的谓语动词是过去时,宾语从句的谓语动词只可根据需要,选用过去时态即一般过去时、过去进行时、过去将来时或过去完成时的某一种形式。如:1.The children didn‘t know who he was. 2.He asked his father how it happened.

状语从句


1.You will be late______ you go there by car, for the theatre is too far away.
A. as though   B. even if  
C. as if 
D. now that
 

If, unless
I’ll come here on Sunday unless you tell me not to .
 
Although the place is quite pleasant,  I don’t think we should go there all the time.


定语从句

1)引导定语从句,连接主句和从句,相当于一个连词;
2)必在从句中作某个句子成份(可以做主语,宾语,表语,定语,状语)
常用的关系代词: that、 which、 who、whom、as , 在从句中作主语,宾语,whose定语)
常用的关系副词(在从句中只作状语): when、why、 where

可指人或物;在定语从句中作主语,宾语,表语。(指人时,相当于who或 whom;指物时,相当于which)(一般不用于非限制性定语从句; 
1. Do you know the gentleman that/who spoke just now?
2. You can take anything ( that) you like. 
 
All, everything 后面只能用that.

非限定性定语从句只能用which
 He said that he had never seen her before,which was not true. 
  ④ which指代整个主句。如:
  In the presence of so many people he was little tense, which was understandable.

which: 指物;在定语从句中作主语,宾语.如:
1. The book which/that was on the desk was bought by my father.
2. The book (which/that) I bought yesterday is very interesting.
3. The factory in which his father works is far from here.

who: 主格, 在从句中作主语,在口语或非正式用法中作宾语; 只可指人
whom: 宾格,在从句中作宾语; 只可指人
whose: 属格,在从句中作定语,可指人也可指物。
1. I like the students who/that work hard. 
2. All who heard the story were amazed. (代词如he, they, any, those, all, one等后多用who.)

who 可以引导非定语从句

Our guide,who was a French ,was an excellent cook

 
as
 
as 的用法:(as 引导定语从句, 在定语从句中作主语、宾语、表语)
①如为限制性的,多用于the same …as ; the same as;such …as …; as many/much as;so …as等结构中。如:
1. I have the same book as you (have). 我有一本和你的一样的书。
 
2.I'm wearing the same shirt as you wore yesterday.

关系副词引导的定语从句:


When 指时间在定语从句中作时间状语。其先行词是表时间的名词(如:time, day, week, tear, month, etc.)
 
比较:
1.  I still remember the day when /on which my brother joined the army.(作状语)
2. I still remember the days which/that we spent together. (作宾语)
 

Where 指地点,在定语从句中作地点状语。其先行词是表示地点的名词,如:place, school, factory, room, etc. 
This is the place where I was born. 
I live in the room where /in which he used to live. 
 注意:先行词是"地点名词",定语从句可用where引导,还可用which或that引导,which/that 在从句中作主语或宾语。 
1. This is the factory where /in which he worked last year. (作状语)
2. He's got himself into a dangerous situation where he's likely to lose control of the plane.

Why 指原因,在定语从句中作原因状语。先行词为reason 时,可用for which指代;当关系词在从句中作主语或宾语时,则用which或that 引导。如:
1. The reason why / for which / (that) he didn't attend the meeting was that he was ill.
2. I don't believe the reason (that/which) he gave me. (作宾语)

定语从句的四个词

Tom told me a story yesterday. 
The story is very interesting.
合并:The story Tom told me yesterday is very interesting.

英语词性缩写形式大全:
http://www.shimengroup.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=47&id=146
 
英语48个英语音标快速记忆法:
http://www.shimengroup.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=47&id=145
 
英语词性缩写形式大全:
http://www.shimengroup.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=47&id=146
 
英语—非谓语动词:
http://www.shimengroup.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=47&id=122
 
英语—倒装句:
http://www.shimengroup.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=47&id=121
 
英语—反意疑问句:
http://www.shimengroup.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=47&id=120
 
英语—虚拟语气定义:
http://www.shimengroup.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=47&id=119
 
英语强调句:
http://www.shimengroup.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=47&id=118
 
英语主谓一致:
http://www.shimengroup.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=47&id=117
 
英语被动语态讲解:
http://www.shimengroup.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=47&id=116
 
英语时态讲解:
http://www.shimengroup.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=47&id=115
 
英语—冠词、数词:
http://www.shimengroup.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=47&id=124
 
英语常用词组:
http://www.shimengroup.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=47&id=114

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